2019 mental health ati proctored exam 100 plus questions and

  

       1. A charge nurse is discussing mental status examinations with a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching? (SATA) 

A) To assess cognitive ability I should ask the client to count backward by sevens

B) To assess affect, I should obscure the client’s facial expression

C) To assess language ability, I should instruct the client to write a sentence

D) To assess remote memory, I should have the client assess our most recent presidents

2. A nurse is planning care for a client who has a mental health disorder. Which of the following actions should the nurse include as a psychobiological intervention.

A) Assist the client with systematic desensitization therapy B) Teach the client appropriate coping mechanisms

C) Assess the client for comorbid health conditions

  D) Monitor the client for adverse effects of medications

3. A nurse in an outpatient mental health clinic is preparing to conduct an initial interview. When conducting the interview, which of the following actions should the nurse identify as the priority? A) Coordinate holistic care with social services

  B) Identify the client’s perception of her mental health status 

C) Include the client’s family in the interview

D) Teach the client about her current mental health disorder

4. A nurse is planning a peer group discussion about the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition. Which of the following information is appropriate to include in the discussion? (SATA)

A) The DSM-5 includes client education handouts for mental health disorders

  B) The DSM-5 establishes diagnostic criteria for individual mental health disorders

     C) The DSM-5 indicates recommended pharmacological treatment for mental health disorders 

D) The DSM-5 assists nurses in planning care for client’s who have mental health disorders 

E) The DSM-5 indicates expected assessment findings of mental health disorders

5. A nurse in an emergency mental health facility is caring for a group of clients. The nurse should identify that which of the following clients requires a temporary emergency admission?

A) A client who has schizophrenia with delusions of grandeur

B) A client who has manifestations of depression and attempted suicide a year ago

  C) A client who has borderline personality disorder and assaulted a homeless man with a metal rod 

D) A client who has bipolar disorder and paces quickly around the room while talking to himself

6. A nurse decides to put a client who has a psychotic disorder in seclusion overnight because the unit is very short-staffed, and the client frequently fights with other clients. The nurse’s actions are an example of which of the following torts?

  A) Invasion of privacy B) False Imprisonment C) Assault

D) Battery

7. A client tells a nurse “Don’t tell anyone, but I hid a sharp knife under my mattress in order to protect myself from my roommate, who is always yelling at me and threatening me.” Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

A) Keep the client’s communication confidential, but talk to the client daily, using therapeutic communication to convince him to admit to hiding the knife

B) Keep the client’s communication confidential, but watch the client and his roommate closely

     C) Tell the client that this must be reported to the healthcare team because it concerns the health and safety of others

D) Report the incident to the health care team, but do not inform the client of the intent to do so.

8. A Nurse is caring for a client who is in mechanical restraints. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the documentation? (SATA)

A) “Client ate most of his breakfast”

       B) “Client was offered 8oz of water every hour”

C) “Client shouted obscenities at assistive personnel”

D) “Client received chlorpromazine 15 mg by mouth at 1000.” 

E) “Client acted out after lunch”

9. A nurse hears a newly licensed nurse discussing a client’s hallucinations in the hallway with another nurse. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?

A) Notify the nurse manager

  B) Tell the nurse to stop discussing the behavior

C) Provide an in-service program about confidentiality 

D) Complete and incident report

10. A charge nurse is conducting a class on therapeutic communication to a group of newly licensed nurses. Which of the following aspects of communication should the nurse identify as a component of verbal communication?

A. Personal space B. Posture

  C. Eye contact D. Intonation

11. A nurse is communicating with a client on the acute mental health facility. The client states, “I can’t sleep. I stay up all night.” The nurse responds, “You are having difficulty sleeping?” Which of the following therapeutic communication techniques is the nurse demonstrating?

A. Offering general leads B. Summarizing

  C. Focusing D. Restating

12. A nurse is communicating with a newly admitted client. Which of the following is a barrier to therapeutic communication?

  A. Offering advice

B. Reflecting meaning C. Listening attentively D. Giving information

13. A nurse is caring for a client who has anorexia nervosa. Which of the following examples demonstrates the nurse’s use of interpersonal communication?

A. The nurse discusses the client’s weight loss during a health care team meeting.

       B. The nurse examines their own personal feelings about clients who have anorexia nervosa. 

C. The nurse asks the client about personal body image perception.

D. The nurse presents an educational session about anorexia nervosa to a large group of adolescents.

14. A nurse is caring for the parents of a child who has demonstrated recent changes in behavior and mood. When the mother of the child asks the nurse for reassurance about her son’s condition, which of the following responses should the nurse make?

A. “I think your son is getting better. What have you noticed?” B. “I’m sure everything will be okay. It just takes time to heal.”

C. “I’m not sure what’s wrong. Have you asked the doctor about your concerns?” 

D. “I understand you’re concerned. Let’s discuss what concerns you specifically.”

15. A nurse is caring for a client who smokes and has lung cancer. The client reports, “I’m coughing because I have that cold that everyone has been getting.” The nurse should identify that the client is

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